With the aim of protecting the victims of terrorism, preserving the memory of the dead and studying the phenomenon of terrorism, the Italian Association of Victims of Terrorism and Subversion against the Constitutional Order of the State (AIVITER) was established in 1985 by the founding partners Maurizio Puddu, Giovanni Berardi, Adele Casalegno, Antonio Cocozzello, Severa Croce, Leone Ferrero, Mario Deorsola, Dante Notaristefano, Sergio Palmieri and Giovanni Picco.
In Italy, the years spanning from 1969 to the mid-1980s are conventionally defined as the "Years of Lead" ('Anni di piombo'). Some sources estimate the number of dead to be around 450 and the injured or disabled to be 4,529, with more than 12,700 internal acts of terrorist violence of various political matrices. Memories of this turbulent period have faded with time and it is now almost forgotten among the younger generations.
The Association is a not-for-profit organisation with no wish to join the other existing union organisations in Italy. In fact, it proposes to develop awareness and cooperation in promoting new moments of recognition and protection which can guarantee the rights, requirements and expectations of victims or surviving relatives.